PUNJAB TAKES GIANT STRIDES TO CONTROL DRUG MENACE- MUSTAFA
Chandigarh January 15: The Punjab Govt., after constituting Special Task Force, has adopted the Enforcement-Deaddiction-Prevention (EDP) strategy as part of its Comprehensive Action against Drug Abuse.
Addressing the media persons here today DGP Special Task Force, Mohd. Mustafa said multi-layered monitoring and implementing mechanism has been put in place – Cabinet Sub-Committee on drugs headed by Hon’ble Chief Minister, Apex Committee headed by Chief Secretary and Special Group on Drugs headed by ACS (Home). The entire CADA program is being monitored by CPS CM through a Secretary-rank Nodal Officer. District Mission Teams and Sub-Division Mission Teams are implementing the CADA Program on ground.
On the Enforcement front, STF has implemented path-breaking initiatives:
· Rationalization and Restructuring of STF.
· Anti-Narcotics Cells constituted in all 27 Commissionerates/Districts.
· Monthly monitoring of the enforcement is being ensured through a comprehensive proforma.
· Arrest of POs and their property attachment; cases to be registered u/s 174-A IPC.
· Arrest of Absconders/Bail Jumpers/Parole Jumpers; cases to be registered u/s 229-A IPC.
· Filing of chargesheets in all cases where FSL reports have been received.
· Review of default bail cases and filing application for cancellation of bails.
· Use of section 36-A (4) of NDPS Act to extend time period for investigation.
· Analysis of acquitted cases and filing appeals where deemed fit.
· Implementation of PIT NDPS Act, 1988.
· Forfeiture of property under Chapter-V A of NDPS Act.
· Close monitoring of Drug Related Death cases.
· Pre-trial and post-trial disposal of seized drugs.
· Effective verification of 181 drug tips.
· Training courses for IOs.
· Coordination with Jail Department for keeping a close watch over incarcerated drug traffickers.
· Coordination with UNODC, NCB, BSF, Delhi Police, Customs, IB, DRI and neighbouring states.
On the Deaddiction front, the outpatient treatment being rendered at Outpatient Opioid Assisted Treatment (OOAT) Clinics has been a great success. A total of 168 OOAT clinics are functional and more than 63,000 addicts are being treated out of which about 25,000 are heroin addicts. The Retention Rate is 91.71% . Approximately 3 lakh addicts have been treated in both Govt. and Private Deaddiction/Rehabilitation Centres during 2018.
On the Prevention front, the Buddy and DAPO Programs have been implemented throughout the state with active cooperation and coordination among all departments of the State Govt. Under the DAPO Program, approximately 5 lakh DAPOs have been registered, 1500 Cluster Coordinators and 15,000 Nasha Roku Nigran Committees are being trained through 523 Master Trainers. Training of DAPOs by NRNCs is underway. More than 15,000 seminars/meetings/rallies/awareness programs have been conducted so far. Under the Buddy Program, 329 Master Trainers are training approx. 3 lakh school teachers/college lecturers who will impart skills to approximately 40 lakh school/college/university students in the state. 27 lakhs students have already been covered.
A separate Drug Division is being set up in the Department of Health for efficient drug administration and better monitoring of deaddiction/OOAT centres. A comprehensive media plan for generating awareness against drug abuse is being rolled out.
The Govt. of Punjab has achieved significant successes in tackling the menace of drugs and the efforts will continue in the coming days.
Among others Special Principal Secretary–cum-ADGP, Chief Minister Harpreet Singh Sidhu, IG Special Task Force B. Chandra Shekhar, IG Parmod Ban, IG RK Jaiswal, IG Balkar Singh Sidhu were also present on the occasion
Achievements of Punjab Government
in the Anti-Drug Program
The STF, constituted by Govt. of Punjab in April, 2017, has been implementing the three-pronged strategy of Enforcement, Deaddiction and Prevention (EDP) to comprehensively combat the menace of drugs in the state. The action plan named Comprehensive Action against Drug Abuse (CADA) is aimed at choking the supply of drugs through enforcement and reducing the demand through deaddcition and prevention.
The seriousness of the state govt. on the issue is reflected by the fact that the Govt. has devised a multi-layered monitoring and implementing mechanism to address the issue in its entirety. The State Govt. has constituted a Cabinet Sub-Committee headed by the Hon’ble Chief Minister, an Apex Committee headed by the Chief Secretary and a Special Group on Drugs headed by the Addl. Chief Secretary (Home) to eradicate the problem completely.
The entire anti-drug program is personally monitored by Chief Principal Secretary to CM, Punjab. A Secretary-rank officer is designated as the Nodal Officer to facilitate smooth coordination among various departments involved in the anti-drug program.
For implementation of the CADA action plan effectively, a comprehensive system at all levels has been put in place comprising:
a) Administrative Secretaries of concerned departments,
b) District Mission Teams (DMTs) headed by Deputy Commissioners consisting of SSP, Civil Surgeon, District Education Officer, District Sports Officer, District Social Welfare Officer and district heads of all other departments.
c) Sub-Division Mission Teams (SDMTs) headed by SDMs consisting of corresponding officers of these departments at sub-division level.
The STF is mandated by the state government as a specialized agency to monitor, coordinate and synchronize the efforts of all the agencies involved in implementation of the EDP strategy.
In the last few months, the whole STF strategy has been revisited and reframed, effecting a paradigm shift in its approach. With full cooperation of and coordination with District Police, the dynamics of enforcement have been changed. The following path-breaking initiatives have been taken in this endeavour by the STF:
· Rationalization & Restructuring of STF – Units of STF functioning earlier at district level wound up. Now STF functioning from Range level headed by an AIG-rank officer.
· Anti Narcotics Cells (ANCs) constituted in 14 districts where they did not exist, restructured in 13 districts where they existed and activated & energised in all the 27 districts. All ANCs brought under the supervisory control of STF. Weekly coordination meetings being held by CsP/SSsP with Incharge of ANC, Incharge of STF and Incharge of local Intelligence Unit.
· The entire personnel posted with STF assessed and screened after individual performance appraisal. Non-performers repatriated to parent units.
· A monthly 22-point proforma encompassing all aspects of enforcement devised for effective supervision of the working of all enforcement units. After a comprehensive analysis of the information obtained from various enforcement units, the following action plan has been prepared:
• 140 Proclaimed Offenders in commercial quantity cases and 42 in non-commercial quantity cases identified to be arrested.
• Property of Proclaimed Offenders to be attached u/s 83 CrPC.
• Cases to be registered u/s 174-A IPC against POs – punishment upto 3 years.
• 332 Absconders in commercial quantity cases and 1412 in non-commercial quantity cases identified to be arrested.
• Cases to be registered u/s 229-A IPC against Bail Jumpers – punishment upto 1 year.
• 151 Parole Jumpers identified to be arrested.
• Cases to be registered u/s 9 of The Punjab Good Conduct Prisoners (Temporary Release) Act, 1962 against Parole Jumpers – punishment upto 3 months.
• STF has identified 277commercial quantity cases and 2180 non-commercial quantity cases where FSL reports have been received but challan has not yet been submitted in Courts. Instructions issued to District Police for completion of investigation and submission of challans.
• STF has identified 32 commercial quantity cases since 01.01.2017 where default bail has been granted u/s 167(2) CrPC for non-submission of challan within the mandatory period of 180 days. Instructions issued to District Police to file appeals for cancellation of bails in these cases.
• STF has identified 685 commercial quantity cases where the accused have been acquitted. Instructions issued to District Police to get these cases legally examined and file appeals where deemed fit in the Hon’ble Punjab & Haryana High Court.
• On the initiative of STF, a Detaining Authority has been designated and an Advisory Board is being constituted under the PIT NDPS Act, 1988. STF has identified 62 drug traffickers/associates for preventive detention. Instructions have been issued to District Police to submit proposals to Detaining Authority.
• 58 cases (01.01.2017 to 31.12.2018) confirmed by Competent Authority for forfeiture of illegally acquired property ; property worth approx. Rs. 20 crores already forfeited ; 49 cases pending with Competent Authority for confirmation of property worth approx. Rs. 29 crores.
· All NDPS Act related work of districts brought under the control and supervision of STF.
· Daily report regarding registration of commercial quantity cases by Range IGsP/DIsG to DGP/STF and further follow-up action as per the directions of DGP/STF.
· Joint interrogation of accused in commercial quantity cases by STF with District Police.
· Close monitoring of Drug Related Deaths ; Inquest proceedings u/s 174 CrPC conducted in 36 cases and FIRs registered u/s 304 IPC in 69 cases.
· District Police instructed to issue Look Out Circulars (LOCs) for apprehending POs/Absconders/Parole Jumpers/Bail Jumpers.
· District Police instructed to obtain time beyond 180 days from Courts u/s 36-A(4) NDPS Act for filing chargesheets to prevent default bail u/s 167 (2) CrPC.
· STF has analysed numerous bail orders and court judgements of acquitted cases and identified major shortcomings in investigation of NDPS Act cases. Instructions issued to District Police to ensure proper investigation and prosecution of cases.
· Disposal of seized drugs, both pre-trial and post-trial, at district and state level has been streamlined.
· To address the inadequacies in investigation of NDPS Act cases resulting in grant of bails or acquittals, a 1 – day training program was conducted for GOs & IOs of District Police, STF, SSOC & GRP dealing with NDPS Act. District Police have been instructed to conduct similar training programs in all District Training Schools.
· Effective follow-up action on 181 drug tips sent to District Police is being ensured by STF.
· Field Officers (DCs, SSsP, Range IsGP/DIsGP) and STF Officers directed to undertake regular field visits to create awareness and obtain direct feedback on the implementation of CADA program.
· Range IsGP/DIsGP, CsP and Divisional Commissioners designated as Nodal Officers for monitoring the implementation of CADA program.
· Periodical meetings of STF Officers with field officers; comprehensive guidelines issued for effective enforcement of NDPS Act.
· Regular meetings held under chairmanship of ACS (Home) to review and implement the recommendations enumerated in the Report of Special Group on Drugs on the CADA Program.
· Meetings through video conferencing held by DGP/STF with all SSsP, District Attorneys and Public Prosecutors for improving the prosecution of NDPS Act cases.
· Regular coordination meetings held with Jail Department to evolve an effective strategy to keep watch over the activities of notorious drug traffickers lodged in jails. As a result, the following action plan has been implemented :
• 71 major drug traffickers identified and shifted to different jails.
• District police instructed to provide adequate escort to major drug traffickers for court hearings/medical treatment to prevent escape from custody.
• District police instructed to facilitate court hearings through video conferencing, wherever feasible.
· Coordination meetings held separately with UNODC, NCB, BSF, Delhi Police & neighbouring States to formulate a joint strategy to apprehend drug traffickers. As a result, cooperation and coordination among all northern states has improved.
· The achievements of Punjab Police on the enforcement front is enclosed.
The earlier mode of inpatient treatment in deaddiction centres was found inadequate. Hence, an additional mode of treatment in Outpatient Opioid Assisted Treatment (OOAT) clinics has been initiated in Punjab by the STF in conjunction with Chief Minister’s Office and Health Department to enable the patients to lead a normal life through outpatient treatment and become productive members of the society.
The benefits of the OOAT model are as under:
b. Outpatient treatment.
c. Consistent support of Peer Groups.
d. Counselling by trained Counsellors.
e. Opportunity to lead a normal life as an outpatient.
f. Inpatient treatment is required only for complicated cases.
The achievements of the government on the deaddiction front as on 14.01.2019:
OOAT Clinics in Jails
Total Buprenorphine dispersed
Both Opioid and Heroin Users
Deaddiction and Rehabilitation Centres
Details of treatment of drug abuse victims (01.01.2018 to 31.12.2018)
Govt. Deaddiction Centres
27+5 Model DDCs
Govt. Rehabilitation Centres
Private Deaddiction Centres
Private Rehabilitation Centres
Deaddiction/Rehabilitation Centres in Central Jails
Persons treated in Govt. Deaddiction Centres
Persons treated in Red Cross Deaddiction/Rehabilitation Centres
Persons treated in Private Deaddiction Centres
Persons treated in Govt. Rehabilitation Centres
Persons treated in Private Rehabilitation Centres
The Enforcement and De-addiction strategies would be useful only if new addicts are not added to the existing numbers and vulnerable sections of the society are protected from falling prey to drug abuse. In order to achieve this objective, a comprehensive prevention strategy has been developed by the STF. The prevention aspect focuses on generating a mass movement among the public as part of ‘Drug Abuse Prevention Officers (DAPOs) Program’ and protecting the students and youth by introducing ‘Buddy Program’ in all Schools/Colleges of the State to act as catalysts for combating the drug menace.
Drug Abuse Prevention Officers (DAPO) Program
The main features of DAPO program are as under:
a. Community participation.
b. Honorary and voluntary contribution by social service-oriented adult members of the society.
c. Locality and door-step service.
The main functions of a DAPO are as under:
a. To identify drug abuse victims in the locality and motivate them and their family members to avail de-addiction treatment facilities being provided by the Government and facilitate the same.
b. To identify vulnerable persons in the locality and prevent them from falling into the quagmire of drug abuse.
c. To spread and raise awareness about the ill effects of drug abuse in the locality.
d. To promote positive activities in the locality.
e. To assist in vigilance & security of the locality.
Approximately 4.9 Lakh DAPOs have already been registered out of which 75,000 are officials and 4,15,000 are private citizens. In order to train them to perform their duties, STF has already trained 523 Master Trainers Official who are further imparting training to approximately 1,500 Cluster Coordinators (CCs) and 15,000 Nasha Roku Nigran Committees (NRNCs) comprising of 1,50,000 members at Block level in the districts. The NRNCs are further imparting training to all the DAPOs at the village/ward level.
The progress of DAPO Program upto 30.09.2018 is as follows :
• Total no. of DAPOs – 4,90,000
• Persons made aware about ill-effects of drugs – 3,72,229
• No. of drug abuse victims contacted – 93,885
• No. of drug abuse victims sent to Deaddiction/OOAT Centers
• No. of awareness programs (seminars/meetings/positive activities) conducted – 15,126
· DMTs and Departments of Health, Education, Revenue, Rural Development & Panchayats, Sports, Social Security and Women & Child Development, Ex-Servicemen Welfare are implementing the DAPO program.
· Day- to-day monitoring of activities under the DAPO program through a dedicated WhatsApp group consisting of DCs, SDMs and Senior Officers of STF.
The Buddy Program is aimed at protecting school children, college/university students and youth from drug abuse. The Buddy Program will cover all the government and private Schools, Colleges and Universities in the State. As part of the Buddy Program, students would be educated about the ill-effects of drugs within the school/college/university premises itself by the regular staff/teachers of those institutions. Approximately 40 Lakh School/College students and 3 Lakh School Teachers/College Lecturers will be covered under this program.
The STF has already trained 329 Master Trainers who are further imparting training to School Teachers/College Lecturers in districts. The trained School Teachers/College Lecturers are imparting requisite skills to the students in their educational institutions.
The progress of Buddy Program as on 30.09.2018 is as under:
• No. of nodal officers appointed – 12,124
• No. of senior buddies appointed – 1,20,436
• No. of buddy groups formed – 5,48,639
• No. of students formed into buddy groups – 26,90,424
· DMTs and Departments of Higher Education, Medical Education, Technical Education & School Education are implementing the Buddy program.
· WhatsApp group of DCs, SDMs, 4 state-level Nodal Officers, 88 district Nodal Officers & Senior Officers of STF officers for monitoring the activities under the Buddy program.
Penetration of CADA Program
· DMTs & SDMTs fully functional at all districts and sub-divisions
· Cluster Coordinators (CCs) for a cluster of 10-15 villages/wards designated in all 1500 clusters.
· Nasha Roku Nigran Committees (NRNCs) established in all 12,000 villages and 3000 wards.
· DAPO Program penetration upto village/ward level.
· All elected PRI Representatives (Zila Parishad Members, Block Samiti Members, Sarpanches, Panches) registered as DAPOs on 11/12.01.2019 during the oath-taking ceremony.
· Awareness programs conducted (seminars /public meetings/ lectures/camps/positive activities) – 15,126
· Persons participated in awareness programs (seminars/public meetings/lectures/ camps/positive activities) – 10,65,818
· Rally programs conducted (public rallies/cycle rallies/processions etc.) – 1,815
· Persons participated in rally programs – 1,68,040
· Training programs conducted – 270
· Persons attended training programs – 7,809
Other Major Initiatives
· Proposal of the STF to set up a separate Drug Division under Department of Health (headed by a Secretary) has been approved in principle by the Govt. This move is aimed at facilitating a focused attention of the govt. towards various aspects of the drug administration.
· Comprehensive media plan for generating awareness and highlighting the efforts of the government has been formulated in consultation with Department of Public Relations which would soon be reflected in the media.
· Involvement of public representatives in anti-drug campaign is under consideration of the govt.
· Effective Social Media presence of STF – activities, training films, talk shows.
• Facebook – 69,156 followers
• Twitter – 2,347 followers
• YouTube – 4,445 views
· Helplines functional at STF HQ ; 181 Helpline of Police Department also being used for enforcement.