Tuesday 14 July 2020

One-third rape cases in past 4 years end up in compromise

- Posted on 22 December 2019

Chandigarh, Dec 22: More than one-third of rape cases in the past four years in Haryana ended up in a compromise in various district courts and of the two-third that completed trial, a whopping 65 per cent resulted in acquittals. This means, barely two of 10 rape accused were convicted and punished for the crime.

According to information procured under the RTI Act from the office of the Director of Prosecution, during 2016-17, a compromise was reached in 365 of 895 cases (40.8%). In 2017-18, the number of such cases stood at 305 of 878 (34.7%). In 2018-19, as many as 427 of 1,280 rape cases (33.4 per cent) ended up in a compromise while the figure in 2019-20 (till November) stands at 370 of 1,065 (34.7 per cent).

This means between 2016-17 and 2019-20, a compromise was reached in 35.6 per cent rape cases. In such cases, accused are let off before recording of statement under Section 313 of the CrPC.

“It is difficult to pursue such cases in courts owing to immense social pressure from community members. Families of victims are often stigmatised. Also, the attitude of the police towards the victim is coarse,” says Prof Rajesh Gill, Department of Sociology, Panjab University. “It is wrong to suggest that false cases are being filed.”

In cases where the accused stand trial, the conviction rate is dismal — a mere 34 per cent in 2016-17 and 31.2 per cent in 2017-18. There as a marginal rise to 39.4 per cent in 2018-19 but the conviction rate fell again to 34.7 per cent in 2019-20 (till November),

“A compromise is reached when a rape victim turns hostile. The conviction rate is poor owing to poor police investigation and poor pleading in courts,” explains RC Bansal, a former District and Sessions Judge, suggesting that special officers be put on the job in such cases.

Agreement Reached

Period     Cases

2016-17   40.8%

2017-18   34.7%

2018-19   33.4%

2019-20 (till Nov) 34.7%

Compromise reached in 35.6% cases from 2016-17 to 2019-20

Accused let off before recording of statement under Sec 313, CrPC

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